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一壶清茶 三五知己

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朝鲜古代金王冠  

2016-10-24 20:12:25|  分类: 【集邮册】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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         朝鲜古代金王冠 - 断砚斋 - 一壶清茶 三五知己
 
朝鲜古代金王冠 - 断砚斋 - 一壶清茶 三五知己
 
        目前世界上仅存的十二个金王冠,有九个在朝鲜半岛。其中七个是新罗时代的,另外两个是伽倻时代的。 
       新罗金王冠是5和6世纪新罗君主的头冠,新罗时代的这些金王冠出土于原新罗国都今韩国庆州市,并被列为韩国国宝。
       新罗金王冠非常精细而且重达一公斤,因此新罗君主可能并不日常佩戴。这些金王冠可能只在一些正式的仪式性场合佩戴。一些学者甚至认为这些金王冠只是用来陪葬的。

朝鲜古代金王冠 - 断砚斋 - 一壶清茶 三五知己
 
      伽倻王国正统象征--伽倻王金王冠
      伽倻(公元42—532年),古称加耶、伽耶 (朝鲜语:??),是位于朝鲜半岛南部洛东江流域由弁韩发展起来的一个联盟国家,由许多小的城邦组成,吸收了少部分马韩人,伽倻的开国始祖为弁韩人金首露,现在的韩国有六百万金海金氏和金海许氏为古代伽倻国的遗民,他们认同伽倻国王金首露为自己的始祖。伽倻于公元562年被朝鲜半岛三国之一的新罗所吸收,

Of the twelve ancient golden crowns extant today in the world, seven are from the Silla period and two are from Gaya. This makes Korea a kingdom of golden crowns. Silla’s golden crowns are priceless objects of world cultural heritage that boast exquisite craftsmanship, and they embody the glorious Silla civilization of golden sculptures and adornment.

The golden crowns of Silla are brilliant as their crown bases are attached to uprights that feature embellishments of comma-shaped jade ornaments and tiny gold disks. Inside the outer diadem is the inner diadem, which was designed to hide the topknot. Inner diadems often featured feather-shaped ornaments. Dangling pendants made of gold would hang from both sides of the crown to give visual balance.

Gold Crown from Geumgwanchong Tomb measures 44.4cm in height and 19cm in diameter. It features three tree-shaped uprights with three branches each, and two antler-shaped uprights. The crown is decorated with comma-shaped jade ornaments and gold disks. (National Treasure 87, Gyeongju National Museum)

Gold Crown from Geumnyeongchong Tomb measures 27cm in height and 15cm in diameter. It has three tree-shaped uprights with four branches each, and two antler-shaped uprights. The crown boasts great splendor with embellishments of many small gold disks, despite the absence of jade mountings. (Treasure 338, National Museum of Korea)

Gold Crown from Seobongchong Tomb measures 30.7cm in height and 18.4cm in diameter. It features three tree-shaped uprights with three branches each, and two antler-shaped uprights. Three bird-shaped ornaments are attached to branches extended from one of the uprights. (Treasure 339, Gyeongju National Museum)

Gold Crown from the North Mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb measures 27.5cm in height and 17cm in diameter, and has five uprights attached to the crown base. The base is further embellished with three splendid dangling pendants on each side. Comma-shaped jade ornaments and tiny gold disks attached to the surface add to the magnificence of this crown. (National Treasure 191, National Museum of Korea)

朝鲜古代金王冠 - 断砚斋 - 一壶清茶 三五知己

朝鲜古代金王冠 - 断砚斋 - 一壶清茶 三五知己

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